close-up tree in Bukit Timah

Bukit Timah

 

Overview

The Bukit Timah Forest Dynamics Plot was established in 1992 by the National Institute of Education of Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute/ForestGEO with the collaboration of the Singapore National Parks Board in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. The reserve is the last remnant forest in Singapore.

The isolated patch of forest in which the 2 ha plot is located provides an excellent opportunity to study the impacts of fragmentation and isolation on forest dynamics and demographics. Additionally, because approximately 50% of the forest's birds, mammals, and amphibians have been lost, the site allows researchers to investigate the affect of faunal loss on the forest. The site's second census has shown that recruitment in species that have biotically dispersed seeds - seeds spread by animals - has been reduced. In addition to answering important biological questions, the Forest Dynamics Plot is also used by ForestGEO as a training site for researchers throughout the region and is located near the ForestGEO Asia Program headquarters.

Established: 
1993
Ecological Zone: 
Tropical rainforest
Size: 
4.00ha
Dimensions: 
200 x 100
Latitude: 1.350000000000
Longitude: 103.780000000000
Number of Censuses: 
6
Number of Trees:
42,217
Number of species:
567

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