Wabikon

Wabikon

 

Photos

Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:55 - The Wabikon Forest Dynamics Plot (Latitude 45.5546, Longitude -88.7945) is located in the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest of northeastern Wisconsin, approximately 6 km east of the town of Crandon. The site is part of a 447 ha State Natural Area designated by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and U.S. Forest Service in 2007.   Credit: Google Earth ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:55 - The rectangular plot (840 m x 300 m) lies near the border of extensive upland northern hardwoods to the west and lowland conifers to the east near Wabikon Lake. The average elevation at the plot is approximately 510 m.  Credit: Google Earth ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:55 - The site was logged in the early 1900s and again selectively in 1985.  A small area along the SE border was clearcut in the 1980s as part of a U.S. Forest Service policy to increase diversity within the forest stand. Credit:  Google Earth ©Wabikon
Fri, 09/18/2009 - 10:38 - Mesic northern hardwoods occupy most of the plot, dominated by sugar maple (Acer saccharum), basswood (Tilia americana), white ash (Fraxinus americana), and ironwood/eastern hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana).  Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Sat, 10/20/2007 - 15:07 - Most of the trees are deciduous, dropping their leaves in mid to late October. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Sun, 02/08/2009 - 13:25 - Climate at the Wabikon Plot is highly seasonal.  Mean July high temperature is 24.8 °C, while mean January low is -16.4 °C.  Total annual precipitation averages approximately 78.0 cm.  Average annual snowfall is 178 cm. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:55 - Spring wildflowers, 12 May 2009. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Tue, 05/12/2009 - 13:51 - Highest plant species diversity occurs in the understory herbs, most of which flower before trees acquire their fully-formed leaves in late May.  Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf   ©Wabikon
Fri, 09/18/2009 - 10:31 - Shade tolerant trees, especially sugar maple (Acer saccharum), basswood (Tilia americana), dominate the canopy. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Fri, 09/18/2009 - 11:27 - Upland conifers (eastern hemlock and white pine) have been mostly removed from the canopy through selective logging during the 1900s. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:55 - Pond near eastern edge of plot. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Wed, 06/18/2008 - 06:14 - Seedlings in the understory are mostly Acer saccharum and Fraxinus americana. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:56 - White spruce (Picea alba) were planted by Civilian Conservation Corps teams during the 1930’s near northeastern corner of the plot. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf    ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:56 - Ostry virginiana is common in the understory but is rare as a canopy tree. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Fri, 09/18/2009 - 11:27 - Dense understory is present in eastern part of site, especially in the area of the 1985(?) clearcut. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Fri, 09/18/2009 - 10:51 - Fall colors during September 2009. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:56 - Maidenhair fern (Adiantum pedatum) and wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis) on forest floor. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:56 - Balsam fir (Abies balsamea) in understory, center and center right. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Sat, 05/23/2009 - 11:50 - Spring wildflowers, Trillium grandiflorum, Uvularia sp., and others. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Tue, 05/12/2009 - 14:15 - Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis). Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:56 - Wood frog (Rana sylvatica). Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:56 - Indian pipe (Monotropa uniflora) with background of Lycopodium. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:56 - Trillium grandiflorum and other spring wildflowers. Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 01:56 - American toad (Bufo americanus). Credit: Bob Howe & Amy Wolf ©Wabikon

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