Publication
 

CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change

Abstract:

Global change is impacting forests worldwide, threatening biodiversity and ecosystem services including climate regulation. Understanding how forests respond is critical to forest conservation and climate protection. This review describes an international network of 59 long-term forest dynamics research sites (CTFS-ForestGEO) useful for characterizing forest responses to global change. Within very large plots (median size 25 ha), all stems ≥1 cm diameter are identified to species, mapped, and regularly recensused according to standardized protocols. CTFS-ForestGEO spans 25°S–61°N latitude, is generally representative of the range of bioclimatic, edaphic, and topographic conditions experienced by forests worldwide, and is the only forest monitoring network that applies a standardized protocol to each of the world's major forest biomes. Supplementary standardized measurements at subsets of the sites provide additional information on plants, animals, and ecosystem and environmental variables. CTFS-ForestGEO sites are experiencing multifaceted anthropogenic global change pressures including warming (average 0.61 °C), changes in precipitation (up to ±30% change), atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulfur compounds (up to 3.8 g N m−2 yr−1 and 3.1 g S m−2 yr−1), and forest fragmentation in the surrounding landscape (up to 88% reduced tree cover within 5 km). The broad suite of measurements made at CTFS-ForestGEO sites makes it possible to investigate the complex ways in which global change is impacting forest dynamics. Ongoing research across the CTFS-ForestGEO network is yielding insights into how and why the forests are changing, and continued monitoring will provide vital contributions to understanding worldwide forest diversity and dynamics in an era of global change.

Publication Data:
ForestGEO site data – This Github repository contains ForestGEO site data published in the 2015 review of CTFS-ForestGEO (Anderson-Teixeira et al. 2015, Global Change Biology), and since updated. In addition to basic site data, the repository also contains data on forest cover, loss, and fragmentation in surrounding landscapes and atmospheric deposition.

Authors: 
Anderson-Teixeira, Kristina J. Davies, Stuart J. Bennett, Amy C. Gonzalez-Akre, Erika B. Muller-Landau, Helene C. Wright, S. Joseph Abu Salim, Kamariah Almeyda Zambrano, Angélica M. Alonso, Alfonso Baltzer, Jennifer L. Basset, Yves Bourg, Norman A. Broadbent, Eben N. Brockelman, Warren Y. Bunyavejchewin, Sarayudh Burslem, David F. R. P. Butt, Nathalie Cao, Min Cardenas, Dairon Chuyong, George B. Clay, Keith Cordell, Susan Dattaraja, Handanakere S. Deng, Xiaobao Detto, Matteo Du, Xiaojun Duque, Alvaro Erikson, David L. Ewango, Corneille E. N. Fischer, Gunter A. Fletcher, Christine Foster, Robin B. Giardina, Christian P. Gilbert, Gregory S. Gunatilleke, Nimal Gunatilleke, Savitri Hao, Zhanqing Hargrove, William W. Hart, Terese B. Hau, Billy C. H. He, Fangliang Hoffman, Forrest M. Howe, Robert W. Hubbell, Stephen P. Inman-Narahari, Faith M. Jansen, Patrick A. Jiang, Mingxi Johnson, Daniel J. Kanzaki, Mamoru Kassim, Abdul Rahman Kenfack, David Kibet, Staline Kinnaird, Margaret F. Korte, Lisa Kral, Kamil Kumar, Jitendra Larson, Andrew J. Li, Yide Li, Xiankun Liu, Shirong Lum, Shawn K.Y. Lutz, James A. Ma, Keping Maddalena, Damian M. Makana, Jean-Remy Malhi, Yadvinder Marthews, Toby Mat Serudin, Rafizah McMahon, Sean M. McShea, William J. Memiaghe, Hervé R. Mi, Xiangcheng Mizuno, Takashi Morecroft, Michael Myers, Jonathan A. Novotny, Vojtech de Oliveira, Alexandre A. Ong, Perry S. Orwig, David A. Ostertag, Rebecca den Ouden, Jan Parker, Geoffrey G. Phillips, Richard P. Sack, Lawren Sainge, Moses N. Sang, Weiguo Sri-ngernyuang, Kriangsak Sukumar, Raman Sun, I-Fang Sungpalee, Witchaphart Suresh, Hebbalalu Sathyanarayana Tan, Sylvester Thomas, Sean C. Thomas, Duncan W. Thompson, Jill Turner, Benjamin L. Uriarte, Maria Valencia, Renato Vallejo, Marta I. Vicentini, Alberto Vrška, Tomáš Wang, Xihua Wang, Xugao Weiblen, George Wolf, Amy Xu, Han Yap, Sandra Zimmerman, Jess
Journal: 
Global Change Biology
Volume: 
21
Pages: 
528-549
DOI: 
10.1111/gcb.12712